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Date-time data can be frustrating to work with in R. R commands for date-times are generally unintuitive and change depending on the type of date-time object being used. Moreover, the methods we use with date-times must be robust to time zones, leap days, daylight savings times, and other time related quirks, and R lacks these capabilities in some situations. Lubridate makes it easier to do the things R does with date-times and possible to do the things R does not.

If you are new to lubridate, the best place to start is the date and times chapter in R for data science.


# The easiest way to get lubridate is to install the whole tidyverse:

# Alternatively, install just lubridate:

# Or the the development version from GitHub:
# install.packages("devtools")



library(lubridate, warn.conflicts = FALSE)
  • Easy and fast parsing of date-times: ymd(), ymd_hms, dmy(), dmy_hms, mdy(), …

    #> [1] "2010-12-15"
    #> [1] "2017-04-01"
  • Simple functions to get and set components of a date-time, such as year(), month(), mday(), hour(), minute() and second():

    bday <- dmy("14/10/1979")
    #> [1] 10
    wday(bday, label = TRUE)
    #> [1] Sun
    #> Levels: Sun < Mon < Tue < Wed < Thu < Fri < Sat
    year(bday) <- 2016
    wday(bday, label = TRUE)
    #> [1] Fri
    #> Levels: Sun < Mon < Tue < Wed < Thu < Fri < Sat
  • Helper functions for handling time zones: with_tz(), force_tz()

    time <- ymd_hms("2010-12-13 15:30:30")
    #> [1] "2010-12-13 15:30:30 UTC"
    # Changes printing
    with_tz(time, "America/Chicago")
    #> [1] "2010-12-13 09:30:30 CST"
    # Changes time
    force_tz(time, "America/Chicago")
    #> [1] "2010-12-13 15:30:30 CST"

Lubridate also expands the type of mathematical operations that can be performed with date-time objects. It introduces three new time span classes borrowed from

  • durations, which measure the exact amount of time between two points

  • periods, which accurately track clock times despite leap years, leap seconds, and day light savings time

  • intervals, a protean summary of the time information between two points

Code of Conduct

Please note that the lubridate project is released with a Contributor Code of Conduct. By contributing to this project, you agree to abide by its terms.